The 2nd European CIS workshop on Water Management, WFD & Hydropower was held to exchange information and experiences gained in relation to hydropower development under the Water Framework Directive. The project developed a questionnaire that was sent out to the Member States regarding the options and tools available to implement measures designed to improve good ecological status (GES) or good ecological potential (GEP). Additionally, strategic planning tools on a catchment scale for the designation of “appropriate”, “more appropriate” and “most appropriate” areas for new hydropower plants were reviewed. Finally, the Member States were asked to provide input regarding the implementation of Article 4.7. Fresh Thoughts helped to evaluate the questionnaires and prepare the background document for the workshop.