Cost Effectiveness Analysis within the Water Framework Directive

Cost Effectiveness Analysis within the Water Framework Directive

The aim of this study was to provide an overview and to evaluate the application of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) methods in implementing the Water Framework Directive in France and Europe. To this end, the project investigated the degree to which CEA methods are applied in France and other Member States as well as the role the CEA plays in decision-making. The team analysed which factors influenced the application scope, such as governance structures, political culture and availability of resources and data. Additionally, a comparative analysis of the main methodological choices was conducted. The results of this project culminated in recommendations regarding methodology and necessary preconditions for applying the CEA in WFD decision-making processes. Fresh Thoughts supported the work by analysing the use of the CEA in Germany, Luxembourg and Austria.

Read the full report, annexes 1-4 and annex 5 of the study.






Office National de l’Eau et des Milieux Aquatiques (ONEMA), France

geographic scope:

EU-27, France, Luxembourg, Austria, Germany


Thomas Dworak
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